The “Idealist Youth” also known as the Grey Wolves is a Turkish ultra-nationalist, neo-fascist and pan-turkist youth organization. This terrorist organization carried out 694 murders during the late-1970s political violence in Turkey, between 1974 and 1980. Grey Wolves, besides assassinations and bombings, also participated in massacres of minority community members in Çorum and in Maraş.
The Çorum pogrom/massacre occurred in the province of Çorum between May and July 1980. Ultra-nationalists targeted the Alevi Turkish minority and killed more than half a hundred of them. More than 200 were injured. Islamist and Nationalist millitants of the far-right Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) attacked a district where Alevi Turkish citizens live as a minority and causing the death of (an official source) 57 leftists and wounding hundreds of people, predominantly Alevi Turks. The Grey Wolves claimed responsibility for the pogrom.
The Beyazıt Massacreof 16 March 1978 was the massacre of students at Istanbul University, in which 7 died and 41 were injured. The university was attacked with a bomb and gunfire. The head of the Istanbul branch of the Grey Wolves, Orhan Çakıroğlu, was sentenced to 11 years in 1980; he was released on appeal in 1982.
The Maraş Massacre of December 1978 was the massacre of over one hundred civilians, mostly Alevi Kurdish slum dwellers. The direct perpetrators were the Greywolves. Though the tensions were initially ignited by the bombing by left-wing militants of a cinema frequently visited by ultra-nationalists, the incident is best remembered for the subsequent campaign of violence directed against left-wingers, largely Alevis, although some left-wing Sunnis and Kurds were also targeted.